November 25, 2017

FAQ

The Cutting Process

Audio Preparation

In a word, yes. We have to make sure your audio is at its best before cutting, and that may imply making certain changes. As an example, if there are multiple tracks per side, we will match their loudness beforehand. We will do this to ensure the best possible translation between your music and what is recorded to disc. However, by following the guidelines stated below, you can make sure any changes we need to make are kept to a minimum. If your music has already been mastered specifically for vinyl, just let us know, and we will cut it without further processing.

Vinyl records have certain characteristics that need to be kept in mind while preparing the audio for a cut. When you’re mastering for vinyl, there are a few basic rules to follow:

- Make sure you have a healthy amount of headroom, without any peaking above -3dB.

- Avoid stereo effects on the bass frequencies, and make sure that the higher energy sounds in lower end of the spectrum (kicks, bass) are centered in the stereo field.

- Bass frequencies below 35-40 Hz may resonate with the tonearm of the turntable during playback, so also avoid a lot of energy in that area.

- Harsh mid/trebles don’t translate well into vinyl. Pay extra attention to those frequencies.

NOTE: If you are unsure about how to go about this, don’t worry. It’s better if you just send us your audio file without any modifications, and we’ll do our best to work from there.

If your record has more than one track per side, we will have to assemble all tracks that go on each side together, to be cut in one go. You can speed up the mastering process by sending a single file per record-side, with all the audio already lined up.

If you send the files individually, Please write a clear track list for each side including the record side (A or B), track order and amount of silence between tracks. Remember that the total time must include the gaps between tracks.

You can send us your audio as digital files, preferably .WAV or .AIFF, in order to retain as much quality as possible, but most formats will do, including MP3. All sample rates are supported up to 384KHz, 24 bit resolution preferred. 1-bit DSD is also accepted.

Materials

The following are the maximum recording times (per side). As a basic rule, the less time, the better the quality of the recording:

12″: 33rpm: 20 Minutes 45rpm: 11 Minutes

10″: 33rpm: 12 Minutes 45rpm: 8 Minutes

7″: 45rpm: 5 Minutes (recording at 33rpm is not recommended on 7” records)

Our blanks are made from high-grade PVC, and, if cared for, will last just as long as an ordinary vinyl record. Thickness can be 1.5 mm or 2.0 mm, which corresponds, in 12” size, to 150 and 180 gms respectively.

Slimmer records are lighter and less prone to break, while the heavier ones are more resistant to bending and warping. The quality (depth) of the cut is the same for either sizes.

ArtWork

Our custom sleeves are printed on matte laminated cardboard. This makes them especially strong and resistant to wear, while being able to hold vibrant colors.

You can send us your image files as compressed .zip files. If you can work with .psd templates, we’ll send you a template file so you can insert your own art. In most cases, all you need to do is send us the files as .pdf / .psd, or simply a jpeg or tiff, and we’ll work out the layout for you.

It’s important that you name all files clearly (front, back, label side a, label side b, etc), and that the resolution is high enough to be scaled to the actual size without pixellation.

Copyright

Copyright laws and regulations differ from country to country. According to Portuguese law, it’s illegal to make a copy of a copyrighted recording wthout having secured the rights or a written permission from the rights holder. Please make sure that no part of your music is in breach of any kind of copyright.

However, in certain countries, such as the UK, it’s possible to purchase a Limited Manufacture License, which may allow you reproduce copyrighted material that you have purchased. If in doubt, contact us at info@lisbenvinylcutters.com